In today’s world of technology and gadgets, there are many things that we use but do not know much about the technological and digital aspects of them and Video Resolution is one such thing.
What Is Video Resolution?
So if you want to know what 360p, 480p, 720p and 1080p actually mean and looking for help to figure out the basic differences between these popular video resolutions then your search for help ends here as you have reached the right place where we have covered all the information regarding the same.
Here we have tried to cover all the basics about Video Resolution that will hopefully give you an idea about the basic differences between these most used video resolutions.
First of all, there is one thing that we should keep in mind thing that all the videos have a Frame Resolution known as frame height and frame width.
The frame height tells us about the number of vertical pixels and the frame width reveals the total number of horizontal pixels present in the video. Now let’s start with the basic things regarding video resolution.
Types of Video Resolutions
Before we start, there is one thing to keep in mind that video resolution represents the lines of vertical resolution in a video.
You can say Video resolution represents the number of horizontal lines that the video has in each individual frame. This is the reason behind the different kinds of Video resolutions such as 360p, 480p, 720p, 1080p and others.
In simple and easy words, the different numbers such as 360p, 480p, 720p, 1080p and others represent the number of horizontal lines in a video, from top to bottom and represent the corresponding Video resolutions for any Video. So, for example, the 480 in the 480p stands for the total number of vertical pixels in a particular video.
You need to keep one thing in mind while talking about pixels that the “p” in ‘360p, 480p, 720p and others’ does not mean “Pixel” as you would normally think. It is important to remember as most of the people make this mistake because they are not aware that “p” here actually refers to Progressive Scan. So, do not get the wrong idea as ‘p’ does not mean pixel.
Difference between different formats such as PNG, JPEG, GIF and their usage
Here we are discussing videos so you might think why have we mentioned the image formats, it is because the same concept applies to images as well and you can take a look at the picture below just to get an idea or gist about the differences between the different Video resolutions such as 360p, 480p, 720p and many others as well.
Video resolution –
Generally associated with the quality of the video, the term “Video resolution” actually means that videos with the higher resolution are of better quality and the videos that come with lesser resolution are of lesser quality, so it is quite simple and straightforward. Which is not at all hard to remember.
Therefore, it is obvious that the more pixels an image has, the more lifelike and of high higher quality it will be and the less work the hardware has to do to project the proper image as well.
So, first of all, before we dive into the details and differences, here I would like to mention an important thing that you should keep in mind that this is a very broad and detailed topic and it is something that cannot be covered in one simple article as it requires more and proper explanation and many other things needs to be covered as well.
Though, if you just want to know and have the idea regarding the basic differences as a starter, then there is an important thing that you should note. When we talk about the resolution, we always consider the total number of pixels contained in each individual frame.
And if we speak technically, then there are two types of resolution –
Spatial resolution – This is the total number of pixels contained in each individual frame. Or by definition, the width and height of the displayed image measured in pixels which is what we have been discussing so far. However, for your knowledge and better understanding, it is important to know that there is a second type of resolution, the temporal resolution. (This may come in handy while discussing the differences between them).
Temporal resolution: which is the number of frames shown per second.
Unless otherwise stated, it’s safe to assume that the term resolution by itself means spatial resolution.
Now let us move to the differences between the 360p, 480p, 720p and other videos –
Take a look at some of the most commonly used video resolutions that have been mentioned here –
480 x 360 (360p): The 360p Resolution has a total of 480 pixels going across the screen and 360 pixels going down the screen.
858 x 480 (480p): The 480p Resolution has a total of 858 pixels going across the screen and 360 pixels going down the screen.
1280 x 720 (720p) (HD or Half HD): The 720 Resolution has a total of 1280 pixel going across the screen and 720 pixels going down the screen.
1920 x 1080 (1080p) (Full HD): The 1080p Resolution has a total of 1920p pixels going across the screen and 1080p pixels going down the screen.
480 x 360 (360p)
Any video which is 360p in resolution is actually made up of 360 lines that are stacked one on top of another, with each line being 480 pixels wide and this is what it means when someone says that a video has a resolution of 480 x 360.
Also, is the current base resolution on YouTube, it is labelled as “360p”. The 360p is not only the lowest but also the least computationally demanding resolution that is supported by most hardware as well.
- 858 x 480 (480p)
Any video which is 480p in resolution is actually made up of 480 lines that are stacked one on top of another, with each line being 852 pixels wide and it is commonly known as ‘DVD-quality’ as well.
Whether it is the previously mentioned resolution i.e. the 360p or this one the 480p, both these video resolutions do not have enough pixels or memory to support HD videos so they are mostly used for mobile and other devices that come with a small screen.
Even though it is not quite that good as HD but you can still use the 480p resolution to view videos on your laptop and PC as it is still better than 360p.
- 1280 x 720 (720p) (HD or Half HD)
It is many times simply referred by people as ‘HD’ as well. The real and true high-definition starts at 720p. So, therefore containing 720 lines that are each 1,280 pixels wide, a 720p video is more than twice as sharp as compared to the previously mentioned 480p Video resolution.
A 720p video can be viewed on a much larger screen easily. The 720HD is an example of temporal resolution or containing more frames per second. For sports, the primarily used resolution is 720p because of how much movement is being done during airtime.
1920 x 1080 (1080p) (Full HD)
This resolution 1080p or 1920 x 1080p is often referred as ‘HD’ which is a known and widely used term. You can take 1080HD as an example of spatial resolution or that it contains more pixels. And the 1080p is used for movies which move at a much slower pace and can emphasize more pixels per frame.
Here we are presenting something as an example that will help you understand the differences between different resolutions for sure. It is a video song that is available in many different resolutions that we can use to know and understand the different types of resolution.
So please, search this video song “Look What You Made Me Do” by Taylor Swift which will show you the quality and difference. Some of the most common and widely used Video resolutions such as 360p, 480p, 720p, 1080p and others as well.
And by the way, you can go to any video of your choice and follow the following steps. If you do not like the above-mentioned song. You can easily pick and choose the song or video of your liking that you wish to use to learn and grow.
But kindly remember one important thing that you have to click on the different video resolutions that have been made available to you. And by doing so, you can try and notice the differences in the quality, clarity and sharpness of those videos. Which will help you learn to know and differentiate between various resolutions that are used in the videos these days?
Final words –
As we have tried our best to cover up the basics about the Video resolution. We hope that it helped you learn a lot regarding those technical and digital aspects.